The City Of Bones

The City Of Bones: By Cassandra Clare

The City of Bones from The Mortal Instruments series set in modern New York City written by Cassandra Clare. It was Originally published on March 27, 2007.  There is another world; a world filled with supernatural beings. While Simon and Clary were at a club Clary saw a blue haired boy going to the back with a girl and were being followed by two boys with knives. Clary followed them and saw the two boys, Jace and Alec, and the girl, Isabelle, fighting with the blue haired boy and told Simon to call for help. Jace, Alec and Isabelle noticed that Clary can see

them and were surprised because mundanes can not see shadow hunters. They informed her that the blue-haired boy is really a demon and not a human. The blue haired demon boy attacked Jace and Jace killed him. The body of the demon disappeared and when Simon and the security guards arrives they could not see Jace, Alec, and Isabelle. Clary then tells Simon she was mistaken about the boys with the knives, but he doesn’t believe her.

There were two characters form the story who changed. One moment Clary was living a normal life and a few hours later she discovered that she is supernatural. This all happened after clary came back from the club, she woke up and there were these papers with a symbol everywhere. Clary panicked and took some of those papers to a cafe where Simon and her were meeting. There she sees Jace and goes to him, Jace then tells her that she is not an ordinary human. He says that he has to take her to the institute to talk to someone named Hodge. When Clary meets Hodge he tells her that there is one of a group of humans called Shadow hunters, they hunt demons. Shadow hunters are the type of people that that normal humans (mundanes) don’t know about.

The other character that changes during the story is Simon. Simon is Clary’s best friend hence he knows everything and goes everywhere with her. After Clary found out that her memory had been sealed they went to the Silent Brothers, very powerful shadow hunters, the Silent Brothers then examine her and find out that there is a spell on her mind and the only person who did the spell can remove it. With the help of Dorothea, a witch, they get the name of Magnus Bane, the most powerful warlock of Brooklyn. Magnus tells them that he placed a spell on Clary every two years to make her to forget what she saw with her sight at her mother’s request. Meanwhile, Simon drinks a fairy drink that turns him into a rat and he gets kidnapped by vampires. Jace and

Clary go to the Vampires hideout to get Simon back and succeed in doing so. Later on in the story the leader of the vampires bites Simon and he had two choices, they can bury him, he will go into transition and will then come back, undead, as a vampire, or they can steak his heart and he dies a  normal human death. Clary chose to bury him because she did not want to lose her best friend. After transition Simon came back , undead as a vampire.

I felt many different feelings as I read this book. The book kept on getting more interesting. In th

Photo Credit: custombase Flickr via Compfight cc

Photo Credit: custombase Flickr via Compfight cc

e beginning of the book it was all about finding Jocelyn, Clary’s mother and locating the Mortal Cup. Soon they found the Mortal Cup and the story became about different things such as protecting the cup, dealing with Simon, Alec’s feelings for Jace, and Jace and Clary’s feelings for each other, Isabelle’s relationships with the Seelies and members of the underworld and the evil

that Valentine has created. Sometimes it was the shadow hunters versus the werewolves, sometimes it the shadow hunters versus the vampires and sometimes it was the vampires versus the werewolves. As all of this happens it pulls me into the book even more and makes it even more interesting.

After reading this book I thought about a lot of things. One of those things were, wouldn’t it be so amazing if all of this could happen in real life? But, when I started to think about it, I thought that it would be horrible if these things were real. One thing that made me think a lot was did clary make the right decision by bringing Simon back to life by turning him into a vampire? After a lot of thinking I thought that Clary did not make the right decision my bringing him back to life. There are many reasons for this, one reason is that although her friendship with Simon was strong and she did not want him to die she turned him into a monster that has no feelings. Simon and Clary will not be able to be the same again because now simon can not feel pain, and he can not feel emotion. The second reason for this is that Clary should have thought of the consequences of what she was doing, Simon would not be able to live a normal life because sunlight burns a vampire. He would not be able to meet his own family because there are specific things that a vampire can not do such as see their own reflection.

Photo Credit: Juliet García Photography Flickr via Compfight cc

Photo Credit: Juliet García Photography Flickr via Compfight cc

I really enjoyed reading The City Of Bones and that is because it had adventure, mystery and fantasy. Her work is very unique and different, I have read many books in which there were vampires, werewolves, demons and other supernatural things but, this book is the only book that had demon hunters, shadow hunters. There were things that I have never heard of before. I couldn’t stop reading it because I always wanted to know what happens next. All of the characters are unique and they are all different from each other. One thing that surprised me the most was that Simon turns into a vampire and that Clary loved him so much that she could not have let him die. One more thing that is different is that i have not read any book that has runes in them. There is a rune for healing, speed, strength, angel power, speaking in different languages and many more.

I would say that the author has achieved her purpose. The purpose of teaching a moral, which was to always try your best and never give up until you reach your fullest. Even if you do reach your fullest you should try to go beyond it. The author made the characters in the book all different and unique, all of them had different thoughts and their own ways of doing things; their emotions and feelings seemed so real. Those feelings and that knowledge are what made the author achieve her purpose. The author also achieved her purpose of entertaining the audience. This book entertained me a lot, I was surprised when Jace said that he is a shadow hunter but he does not believe in God. It surprised me to hear that because shadow hunters have angel blood in them, they are half angel and half human.

Vasco Da Gama

Vasco Da Gama  (1460 – 1524)   

  • Vasco da Gama was born into a noble family in Sines, Portugal, in 1460
  • His parents were Isabel Sodré and Estêvão da Gama. His father Estêvão da Gama was a wealthy Portuguese knight of the fifteenth century
  • he was commissioned by the Portuguese king to find a maritime route to the East. His success in doing so proved to be one of the more instrumental moments in the history of navigation.
  • Vasco Da Gama’s first voyage was on July 8, 1497, which was when he went to India

  • Vasco Da Gama’s voyages was that they opened maritime trade between Asia and Europe and they helped to create a Portuguese empire.
  • He was the first person who sailed directly from Europe to India
  • He was the Admiral of the Seas of Arabia, Persia, India and all the Orient  and he was tittled as chief of the Portuguese India Armadas
  • He got married to Catarina de Ataíde after his first voyage to india which was in 1502
  • He had 7 children, 1 daughter and 6 sons named Isabel, Cristóvão, Estevao, Alvaro, Francisco, Pedro, and Paulo
  • He fell ill, and died on December 1524 in Cochin, India. His body was later taken back to Portugal for burial
  • Vasco Da Gama lived from 1460  and died on  December 24, 1524

For more information on Vasco Da Gama, you can visit these websites below:

These Shallow Graves

These shallow graves by Jennifer Donnelly has 100 chapters with 487 pages.

“A twisted tale of secrets, murder, love and revenge”

This book is set in the 1890s in New York City, when the social status divided up the city, it’s about the adventure of a smart,and independent young woman from the high society who’s willing to risk everything to solve the mystery of her father’s suspicious death. The book is about Josephine Montfort who is from one of New York’s oldest, most respected, and Related imagewealthiest families. Like most of the girls of the area her future was already planned for her. After a finishing school, she would be married into a wealthy family, specifically into the Aldrich’s family to Abraham Aldrich. But Jo, which everyone calls her for short, wants a more meaningful and exciting life, she wants to be an investigative journalist like her role model Nellie Bly. But when Jo’s father dies after a suspicious accident, she begins to investigate his death with the help of a young reporter, Eddie Gallagher, because she knew that a man as smart as her father, Charles Montfort, would never accidentally shoot himself while cleaning his gun, it made her suspect the real reason of his death even more.

Charles Monfort was one of New York City’s wealthiest men, he owned a newspaper company and was partner in a massive shipping firm, and Jo knew that he was far too smart to clean a loaded gun. Despite all the people giving her proof that her father’s death was an accidental suicide, Jo couldn’t bring herself to believe it. After snooping around her late father’s study, she finds a journal from where based on her findings she gets some hints that the death was not an accident but perhaps an actual suicide. Later on, It becomes clear to her that her father’s death was not an “accidental suicide, nor was it an actual suicide. Eddie proves to Jo that the death was a murder. So, in their race against time to reveal the culprit and his motive, Jo and Eddie find themselves not only battling dark characters of the violent and gritty streets of New York, but they find something bigger and more dangerous than either of them could have imagined.

The Two Main Protagonists:

-Josephine Monfort: The main protagonist and the daughter of one of New York’s wealthiest families

-Eddie Gallagher: A middle class journalist who worked in Charles Monfort’s newspaper company

About The Author:

Jennifer Donnelly is an American writer of young adult fiction. She was born on August 16, 1963 in Port Chester, New York and moved to Brooklyn when she was 25.Her first book, Humble Pie, was published in 2002. After that she wrote 9 more books, then published These Shallow Graves in 2015. And another book called Sea Spell in 2016.

 

Two of her most famous books are, A Northern Light published in 2003, in which she got 11 different types of awards, some of them were, The Charlotte Award. The Publishers Weekly Best Book of the Year. and The ALA-Booklist Editors’ Choice. After that it was the book Revolution published in 2010, in which she also got 11 different types of awards which included,  The ALA Amelia Bloomer Book. The ALA Top Ten Best Books For Young Adults and The ABA Indies Choice Young Adult Book of the Year.

These Shallow Graves is a A Junior Library Guild Selection. Which got the Amelia Bloomer List 2016 Award. The YALSA Best Fiction for Young Adults. And The Chicago Public Library Best Teen Fiction 2015 award. And Currently, she is writing a book called Beauty and the Beast: Lost in a Book which will come out on January 31, 2017.

Kiss of Broken Glass

Hkobgey guys, today I am going to talk about a book I read called “Kiss Of Broken Glass.” Kiss Of Broken Glass by Madeleine Kuderick is a short fiction book with 226 pages. This book is about a troubled 15-year-old girl named Kenna, who is the second child in her family, it was Avery, Kenna and Sean. The problem is that Kenna wasn’t troubled because of her life at home. Her parents are happily married and Kenna had normal childhood. All she wanted was to fit in somewhere because her “perfect” sister had already taken that spot at home. Kenna goes to a high school
where mostly all of the “cool” girls cut themselves this group of girls called themselves “ The Sisters Of Broken Glass”, Kenna was one of them.

Whoever has the thinnest and the most cuts was the most popular. In that group of ‘cool’ there were 3 girls who were the coolest, Tara, the most self centered person, the leader of the group,  and Kenna, and Rennie, Kenna and Rennie, were best friends ever since 6th grade, until one day, Kenna gets caught cutting herself with the blade from a pencil sharpener in the school bathroom and Tara, her so called ‘friend ’ turns her in.

Tara was jealous of anyone who had better scars and cuts than her. Kenna gets sent to the principal’s office and From there, she gets Baker Acted, The Baker Act is a mental health act in Florida for people who harm themselves. Kenna was supposed to be held in the psych ward, that everyone called Attaboys, for only 72 hours, or so they said. In the next 72 hours, Kenna can lose everything, her friends, her freedom, and maybe even herself. One kiss of the blade was all it took to get her sent to the psych ward, there she will face her addiction to cutting, though the outcome is far from certain. During that 72 hours, if Kenna does any little thing that can harm her, then instead of being held for 72 hours, Kenna would be held for way longer.

While Kenna had been Baker Acted, she made many new friends, she met Skylar, a girl who cuts and starves herself, Skylar was the most determined and she also came up with alternatives to cutting.

One was, The Butterfly Project, which was drawing a butterfly on usually on your wrist, name the butterfly after a person who means a lot to you, and your goal is to keep you butterfly alive, you can’t cut yourself as long as the butterfly is on you or it dies. You can’t wash it off either, it has to fade as time passes. I liked how Skylar drew a butterfly on herself and named it after Kenna to help themselves stop cutting. The sad thing was that Skylar tired, but she couldn’t do it, and her butterfly died.

Kenna also met Donya, a girl with a sad suicide story behind her. Donya  was Kenna’s roommate, and tells Kenna everything she needs to know to survive in these 72 hours, most importantly, playing by their rules, which includes lying about your feelings and giving them the answers they want to hear. The last friend she makes is Jag, a mysterious boy, with an unknown story. Jag is outgoing and he is full of ideas and answers, but still he keeps his problems to himself.

 I would recommend this book, Kiss Of Broken Glass, to you guys because it teaches us that we should never harm ourselves to fit in. If people can’t accept you for who you are then it’s better to move on rather than changing yourself. It also teaches us that you shouldn’t harm yourself if you are troubled by something. Harming yourself, doing things like drugs or cutting never solves any problems, instead it makes the problem even bigger than it already was.

5 Facts About Nightmares!

Hey guys! Today I will be telling you 10 facts about nightmares…. I’ve heard many things such has when you have nightmares its a sign of you being afraid of something, but its not only just that. Read below to find out more about why you can have nightmares.31845860241_b52a2b0678

  1. Fear is not the only reason
    • many things can trigger nightmares such as confusion, guilt and sadness
  2. Most nightmares occur when your brain is the most active
    • You can dream at any point during the night, but nightmares tend to happen during the second part of
      rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which is the time when you are closest to waking up
  3. Nightmares are a natural part of sleep and help process your emotions
    • The stuff that bothers you during the day will most likely bother you during the night too and nightmares can sometimes help you work through it.
  4. Stress can sometimes make the nightmares worse
    • Stress dreams are the types of dreams which are reoccurring, but don’t have much action or scary stuff in them.
  5. Some people have higher risks of nightmares than others
    • Depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders are major risk factors for nightmares

Bora Bora!

Photo Credit: remifrancois Flickr via Compfight cc

Photo Credit: remifrancois Flickr via Compfight cc

Bora Bora is an island that once was a volcano, which is not as harsh anymore and formed a barrier reef. The reef ecosystem, clear blue water and reefs limit waves which provides a protected sanctuary. The island in the Leeward group in the western part of the Society Islands of French Polynesia. In center of the island, there are  remnants of an extinct volcano and a large mountain, Mount Otemanu and a much smaller one, Mount Pahia.

Interesting Fact

During World War 2, Bora Bora island was chosen to be a United States refueling base and it was Mount Otemanu that provided a high vantage point to place large cannons and radar equipment for maximum effectiveness.

Photo Credit: easy.tahiti Flickr via Compfight cc

Photo Credit: easy.tahiti Flickr via Compfight cc

Mount Otemanu

The mountain is placed right in the middle of Bora Bora and rises up to a sharp point at 2,385 feet from the surface of a turquoise blue lagoon. Mount Otemanu on Bora Bora island is a left over part of an ancient volcano. There are sacred areas on the mountain that contain the bodies of the ancient Polynesian Kings, and from the southern side of the island there is a big stone wall from a temple which is said to be the home of the kings spirit.

History of Bora Bora

 

  • The island was inhabited by Polynesian settlers around the 4th century

    Photo Credit: kimo-in2000 Flickr via Compfight cc

    Photo Credit: kimo-in2000 Flickr via Compfight cc

  • The first European sighting was made by Jakob Roggeveen in 1722
  • It was an independent kingdom until 1888 when its last queen Teriimaevarua III was forced to step down by the French.
  • The US chose Bora Bora as a South Pacific military supply base doring World War 2

 

 

The Ancient Mayan Civilization

Hi guys, so a few weeks ago, we had to so a social project about ancient civilizations. My group chose to do the Ancient Mayans, so today i’m going to tell you a bit about the ancient Mayan civilization!

Geography

  • Mainly lived in northern-central America, today the area is known as Southern Mexico
  • The Maya area is generally divided into three zones:
    • the southern Maya highlands, they include all of elevated terrain in Guatemala and the Chiapas highlands.
    • the central lowlands, lie just north of the highlands, and incorporate the Mexican states of Campeche and Quintana Roo and northern Guatemala, Belize and El Salvador.
    • the northern lowlands

      Photo Credit: littlestschnauzer Flickr via Compfight cc

      Photo Credit: littlestschnauzer Flickr via Compfight cc

  • Weather: dry and arid land — had rainforests, swamps, and coastal areas
  • Earthquakes were frequent, lots of flooding, mudslides, hurricanes and droughts.
  • 37 volcanoes In the highlands
  • 16 major archaeological cities

Economy

  • Farming was the main labor resources and usually consisted of men
  • Had an advanced trade system, trade routes and a robust market for a range of goods and materials
  • Trade in agricultural products was the basis for the strong Mayan economy.
  • Products such as feathers, honey, and cocoa were traded across Central America.
  • Farmers gave up portions of each crop, or paid with other items such as salt, cloth, honey, and domestic animals to the government
  • Everyone respected the Mayan traders because they traded a lot for decent prices.
  • The traders didn’t have to pay taxes because they were so important to the economy.

 Religion

  • They had several different gods25605680943_98889fcdce

Some of their major gods-

    • Itzamna, the god of fire and earth, also known as the creator
    • Kukulkan, he is featured in many temples as a feather serpent
    • Chaac, god of rain and lightning
    • Bolon Tzauab, he is only significant to royals because only they are able to comtact him
  • Some Mayan leaders took on the role of pastor or preacher, and were the only ones besides the priests that could contact all the gods
  • When they died, they were buried with beautiful gifts and were placed in bug, lavish style tombs
Photo Credit: Teyacapan Flickr via Compfight cc

Photo Credit: Teyacapan Flickr via Compfight cc

 Interesting Facts

  •  Maya architecture were as unique and spectacular as any Greek or Roman architecture.
  • The art of the Maya was a reflection of their lifestyle and culture
  • The Mayans believed that the world would end in 2012.
  • The priests taught the children of the nobles, and there was no formal school for the commoners children
  • They were good mathematicians and had a number system that only used three symbols
    • a shell (for zero), a line, and dot(s)
  • The Mayan laws were very strict, which resulted in a peaceful civilization
  • The Mayans developed a hierarchical government ruled by kings and priests, they were mainly ruled by religion